Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665)Fermat is known amateur mathematician in mathematics world. Fermat was a lawyer indeed but he was quite interested in mathematics. However, many number theorists agree that Fermat was better than a major part of todayís mathematicians.
Fermat had been working on a book which was Arithmetica by Diaphontus and taking many notes on it. He was proving his proposals in the bookís margins. Can you imagine, even so that book was republished with Fermatís new contributions to the book!

Who could know that one of those notes would remain on the agenda of mathematics world during almost 350 years?

Fermat's Last Theorem:

The theorem states that no three positive integers a, b, and c can satisfy the equation an+bn=cn for any integer value of n greater than two.

Andrew WilesFermat attached a note to the bottom of this hypothesis: "I found a beautiful proof but it is too large to fit in the margin!" In the history of mathematics, no successful proof was published until 1995 despite efforts of countless mathematicians during the 358 intervening years.
Fortunately, one day, this theorem attracted the interest of a little ten-year old boy when his mathematics teacher first mentioned about it. It seemed quite simple! Days passed and this little boy became a mathematics professor: Andrew Wiles who proved Fermatís last theorem!

I strongly advice you to read this extraordinary life story in-depth. Click on the image to learn more: http://simonsingh.net/books/fermats-last-theorem/

Watch the video below to listen the story from Andrew Wiles himself:

When we looked at the big names in mathematics world, it is usually seen that they began to DO mathematics in a very early age. We have already mentioned the passion of Andrew Wiles when he was just ten years old. Now, let's try to understand what might be taken the interest of that little boy?

Take the quiz and continue to learn more!